October 17, 2021

The United States of America [ði juˌnaɪtɪd ˌsteɪts əv əˈmerɪkə]), abbreviated to the USA (English USA), or the United States (English United States, U.S., in common parlance - America) is a state in North America. Area - 9.5 million km² (4th place in the world). Population - just over 331 million people (2021, estimate; 3rd place in the world). The United States has a federal form of structure, administratively divided into 50 states and the Federal District of Columbia; a number of island territories (Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands, Guam and others) are also subordinate to them. The capital is Washington DC, and the largest in terms of population is New York City. The United States borders Canada in the north, Mexico in the south, and also has a sea border with Russia in the west. They are washed by the Pacific Ocean from the west, the Atlantic Ocean from the east and the Arctic Ocean from the north. The United States of America was formed in 1776 with the unification of thirteen British colonies that declared their independence. The War of Independence lasted until 1783 and ended with the victory of the colonists. In 1787, the US Constitution was adopted, and in 1791 - the Bill of Rights, which significantly limited the powers of the government over citizens. In 1861, contradictions between the slave-owning southern and industrial northern states led to the outbreak of a four-year Civil War. The consequence of the victory of the northern states was the widespread prohibition of slavery, as well as the restoration of the country after the split that arose when the southern states were united into the Confederation and declared their independence. Until the First World War, US foreign policy activity was limited to interests in the territories of North, Central and South America - according to the Monroe Doctrine formulated back in 1823. After the First World War, the United States Congress did not consent to the country's entry into international organizations (for example, the League of Nations and the Chamber of International Justice under it), which limited the role of the United States in world politics. However, the country's participation in the anti-Hitler coalition significantly increased the influence of the United States on the world stage, and from the second half of the 20th century the country became the core of the so-called. "First World". In 1945, the United States

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