Speaker of the United States House of Representatives


August 20, 2022

The Speaker of the United States House of Representatives is the head and chairman of the House of Representatives, the lower house of the American Parliament. The office of speaker was established in 1789 under the US constitution. The Speaker of the House of Representatives ranks second in the list of presidential succession after the vice president and before the president pro tempore of the US Senate, being, in fact, the third person in the hierarchy of the political system of the United States. In his post, the speaker performs organizational and administrative-procedural functions, and also directly represents his constituency, from which he was elected.


The House of Representatives elects a speaker on the first day of each new congress. Each of the parties represented puts forward a candidate for the post of head, the candidate is elected by a simple majority of votes. The newly elected Speaker is then sworn in by the most senior member of the House of Representatives. It is always expected that party members will vote for their candidate, but there have been cases in history when this has not happened. Those who vote for a candidate from another party often face serious consequences, up to and including the loss of committee control. The last major instance of this plan was in 2000, when Democrat Jim Trafficant of Ohio cast his vote for Republican Dennis Hestert; the Democrats subsequently removed him from the committee's management post.

Powers and duties

The Speaker is the head of the House of Representatives, exercising various administrative and important political functions in his post. The clerk and the parliamentary officer help him to conduct discussions in the chamber and preside over, performing administrative functions. Among the speaker's most important political functions is the participation and appointment of certain members of important committees. He also has the right to participate in discussions and vote, but usually does this only in exceptional cases. This mainly happens when his vote becomes decisive or on issues of great importance (for example, constitutional amendments). At the same time, the speaker often transmits St.