List of seaports in Russia

Article

July 6, 2022

The register of Russian seaports includes 67 ports that are part of five sea basins and are located on the shores of 12 seas, three oceans and the Caspian Sea. The cargo turnover of Russian seaports in 2021 amounted to 835.2 million tons, an increase of 1.7% compared to the final figure for 2020. The volume of transshipment of dry cargo amounted to 412.8 million tons (+2.0%), including: coal - 202.7 million tons (+7.6%), cargo in containers - 61.2 million tons (+6.1 %), grain — 42.4 million tons (-15.8%), ferrous metals — 29.0 million tons (+7.8%), mineral fertilizers — 19.3 million tons (+0.4%), ore — 11.9 million tons (-9.6%). The volume of liquid cargo transshipment amounted to 422.4 million tons (+1.5%), including crude oil — 238.1 million tons (+1.3%), oil products — 146.7 million tons (+2.7% ), liquefied gas - 32.3 million tons (-0.7%), food cargo - 4.2 million tons (-7.9%), transshipment remained at the level of last year and amounted to 216.3 million tons. 660.9 million tons of export cargo (+2.2%), import cargo - 40.5 million tons (+10.8%), transit cargo - 64.2 million tons (+4.1%), coastal — 69.5 million tons (-8.7%). The main role of Russian maritime transport is to carry out export-import transportation of goods, small and large cabotage is being developed. The main problem of Russian maritime transport is the lack of ports in general and large ports with a large cargo turnover in particular, as well as the shallow water of 60% of Russian ports. The largest cargo turnover falls on the ports of the Baltic basin. Through the Baltic basin, oil, timber, metals are exported from Russia, and cars, industrial and food products are imported. The export structure of the Black Sea basin is dominated by oil and oil products, coal, metals, timber, building materials, while the import structure is dominated by grain, sugar, machinery and equipment, pipes for pipelines, food products. Coastal transportation dominates in the Caspian basin, where oil and oil products, salt, grain, cotton, wool, and fish predominate. The Far East basin carries out cabotage and export-import transportation. Fish, timber, coal, oil, food are exported through the ports of the Far East, cars, equipment, and metals are imported. The sea railway crossing Vanino - Kholmsk operates in the basin. The Arctic Basin is an area of ​​rapid growth in maritime traffic, where