List of presidents of Bolivia


July 3, 2022

The President of the Plurinational State of Bolivia (Spanish: Presidente del Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia), unofficially - the President of Bolivia (Spanish: Presidente del Bolivia) - the head of state and government, as well as the captain-general (Spanish: Capitán General) of the Armed Forces of Bolivia. According to the current Constitution, the president is elected in general elections for a 5-year term, with a one-time right of re-election. The candidate who receives the majority of votes (more than 50% of the votes, or more than 45% if the result of the next candidate is behind by more than 10% of the votes) is considered elected. If earlier, when the winner was not determined in the first round, the parliament at a joint meeting of both houses elected the president from two candidates who received a simple majority of votes, then the current constitution provides for a second round of national voting for such candidates. Despite the fact that Simon Bolivar became the first elected leader of the country in August-December 1825, he had the title of "Liberator of Upper Peru", and Antonio José de Sucre became the first interim, later for life president in 1826-1828. In 1836, the President of Bolivia, Andres de Santa Cruz, achieved the creation of the Confederation of Peru and Bolivia, becoming its supreme protector. In 1839, after the military defeat of the supporters of A. de Santa Cruz, the confederate union was terminated. Evo Morales, who served as president from January 22, 2006 (2006-01-22) to November 12, 2019 (2019-11-12), became the first full-blooded Indian leader of Bolivia in the last four centuries and the third president (after Hernan Siles Suazo and Victor Paz Estenssoro), chosen by an absolute majority. Since October 2015, he has topped the list of the longest serving head of state in Bolivian history. In the political history of Bolivia, several periods can be distinguished when the head of state was not an individual person, but a triumvirate (in 1861, 1899 and 1920-1921), a diumvirate (in 1965-1966), and even the period of the Council of Ministers as a collective head of state without presidential unity of command (in 1930). The juntas of the commanders of the Armed Forces of Bolivia in 1970, 1971, 1980, 1981, 1982 were also triumvirates, but were short-term