Headquarters of the Supreme High Command

Article

July 6, 2022

The Headquarters of the Supreme High Command (Stavka VGK, SVGK) is an emergency body of the highest military administration that carried out strategic leadership of the Soviet armed forces during the Great Patriotic War.

History

On June 23, 1941, the Main Military Council of the Red Army was abolished. On the same day, by the decision of the Council of People's Commissars of the USSR and the Central Committee of the All-Union Communist Party of Bolsheviks No. 825, the Headquarters of the High Command of the Armed Forces of the USSR was created. It included: S. K. Timoshenko (chairman), G. K. Zhukov, I. V. Stalin, V. M. Molotov, K. E. Voroshilov, S. M. Budyonny, N. G. Kuznetsov. On July 10, 1941, by a resolution of the State Defense Committee in connection with the formation of the High Commands of the troops of the directions (North-Western, Western and South-Western), it was transformed into the Headquarters of the Supreme Command, I. V. Stalin became the chairman, and B. M. was introduced into its composition. Shaposhnikov. On July 10, 1941, it was renamed the Headquarters of the Supreme High Command (SVGK). On February 17, 1945, by a decree of the GKO, the following composition of the Headquarters of the Supreme Command was determined: I. V. Stalin (Supreme Commander), G. K. Zhukov (Deputy People's Commissar of Defense of the USSR), A. M. Vasilevsky (Deputy People's Commissar of Defense), Antonov A. I., Bulganin N. A., Kuznetsov N. G. SVGK carried out its activities under the guidance of GOKO. Throughout the war, the SVGK did not leave Moscow. Members of the Stavka used to gather in Stalin's Kremlin office, but with the start of the bombing of Moscow, it moved from the Kremlin to a small mansion at 37 Kirova Street, with reliable offices and communications. During the bombing, work moved to the Kirovskaya metro station, where an underground strategic center for the control of the Armed Forces was prepared. In October 1945, the SVGK was abolished.

Composition

Formations

The Central Headquarters of the Partisan Movement (TSSHPD) at the Headquarters of the Supreme High Command. Rocket artillery formations (GMCh), from September 8, 1941 to April 24, 1943. Long-range aviation of the USSR. Guard armies.

Known Orders of the SVGK

Order of the SVGK No. 270 of August 16, 1941 "On the responsibility of military personnel for surrendering and leaving weapons to the enemy." Order of the SVGK No. 0428 dated November 17, 1941 “Destroy and burn to the ground all settlements