The Statue of Liberty

Article

August 11, 2022

Statue of Liberty (English Statue of Liberty, full name - "Liberty Enlightening the World", Eng. Liberty Enlightening the World) - a colossal sculpture in the style of Napoleon III, or the style of the Second Empire, located in the USA on Liberty Island, located in Upper New York Bay is about 3 kilometers southwest of the southern tip of Manhattan Island. It was built as a gift from France to the United States for the 1876 World's Fair and the centenary of American independence (only the torch of the statue was shown at the exhibition). The United States received the completed statue only in 1886. It is a US National Monument. Since 1984, it has been included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. The Statue of Liberty is the second tallest lighthouse in the country (after the Perry Victory and World Peace Memorial, which is 107 m high), but it performs a light navigational role for ships as its secondary function, so it is not included in the country's lists of lighthouses.

Description

The statue represents a woman personifying freedom, dressed in clothes resembling a tunic; clothes cover the entire body of a woman, except for the head, hands and feet, with which she stands on broken chains. The woman's head is crowned with a crown consisting of a base and seven rays; in her right hand, raised above her head, she holds a torch, in her left hand, bent at the elbow so that the hand is below shoulder level - a tablet (stone tablet) with an inscription consisting of English letters and Roman numerals ("JULY IV MDCCLXXVI") , denoting "July 4, 1776" - the date of the adoption of the Declaration of Independence of the United States. The seven rays on the crown of the statue symbolize the seven seas and seven continents. The leg, arms, head and clothing of the statue are made of thin sheets of copper minted in wooden molds and mounted on a steel frame. Gold is used in the decoration of the flames of the torch. The statue is on a granite pedestal, which, in turn, stands on a concrete base. Built into the massive stonework of the pedestal are two square lintels of steel bars; they are connected by steel anchor beams that go up to become part of the Eiffel (reminiscent of the frame of the Eiffel Tower) frame of the statue itself. Thus, the statue and the pedestal are one. Muses are located inside the pedestal