Taghiyev Theater

Article

May 28, 2022

"G. Z. A. Tagiyev's Theater" (Azerb. Tağıyevin teatrı) is the first Azerbaijani theater in the city of Baku. It was built in 1883 at the expense of the industrialist and philanthropist Haji Zeynalabdin Tagiyev. On the stage of this theater, both national plays and operas, as well as works by world classics were staged. It was in the Tagiev Theater that in January 1908 the premiere of the first Azerbaijani national opera "Leyli and Majnun" by Uzeyir Gadzhibekov took place. The theater building burned several times and was rebuilt anew. Since the late 1930s, the Azerbaijan State Drama Theater named after A. M. Azizbekov, and since 1960 - the Theater of Musical Comedy. Shikhali Kurbanov. The theater building was demolished in 1992, and the building of the Azerbaijan State Musical Theater was later built in its place.

History

Building and opening

In 1882, G. Z. Tagiev submitted for approval to the Baku city government a project of a theater building to be built on his own plot, which was located in the center of Baku. The theater building was built in 1883. This is how a theater building first appeared in Baku. Until 1911, the Taghiyev Theater was the only theatrical building in the city. The architect of the theater building was Khrisanf Vasilyev, according to whose project the building of the passenger station was also erected in Baku. The newspaper "Kaspiy" reported that on November 20, the opening of the newly built theater building would follow. Later on November 25, the newspaper announced that the commission that examined the theater building found it suitable and that the first performance would take place on November 27. Finally, on November 27, 1883, the opening of the theater of G.Z. Tagiev took place. The auditorium was full. The drama by N. A. Potemkin "The Poor in Spirit" and "Rampant Gypsies" were shown on the stage of the theater. The Caspian newspaper noted: The history of the theater in the late XIX - early XX centuries. On August 10, 1890, an amateur performance was held at the Tagiev Theater in favor of the poor students of the Baku Real School. A comedy-joke in 4 acts by D. A. Mansfeld “On Shares” and a one-act vaudeville by P. A. Karatygin “Witzmunder” were staged with success. Despite the fact that there was a strong stuffiness, the auditorium was almost full, and the collection amounted to 300 rubles. The very premises of the theater were provided to