October 28, 2021
Turkey (Turkish Türkiye [ˈtyr̝cije]), officially the Republic of Turkey (Turkish Türkiye Cumhuriyeti [ˈtyr̝cije dʒumˈhuːɾijeti]) is a state in Western Asia (97%) and in Southern Europe (3%). Population - 83.6 million people. (2021), the area of the territory is 783,562 km² (it ranks 19th in the world in terms of population and 36th in terms of territory). Unitary state. The state language is Turkish. Turkey has 14 borders. Modern Turkey was formed in 1923 as a result of the collapse of the Ottoman Empire after its defeat in the First World War and the ensuing national liberation war of the Turkish people, the abolition of the monarchy and the creation of a Turkish national state on the territory of eastern Thrace, Asia Minor and the Armenian Highlands. Before becoming the center of the Ottoman Empire, this region throughout history constituted a significant part of the ancient states: the Hittite kingdom, Assyria, Urartu, Armenia, Byzantium, Georgia (Colchis and Iberia), Persia, Rome, etc. An industrial country with a dynamically developing economy. The volume of GDP at purchasing power parity (PPP) per capita - 19 610 dollars per year (2014). In 2014, Turkey's GDP at par was $ 806 billion; PPP GDP - $ 1508 billion; the volume of GDP at par per capita is 10,482 dollars per year. Member of NATO since 1952, of the Council of Europe since 1949, and also an official candidate for membership in the European Union since 1999.