William I de Boshan of Bedford

Article

October 17, 2021

William de Beauchamp of Bedford (circa 1185 - 1260) - English landowner, feudal baron of Bedford from 1206/1207, castellan of Bedford Castle in 1206/1207 - 1215 and 1224-1257, chief judge courts of the Treasury in 1234 and 1237, Sheriff of Bedfordshire and Buckinghamshire in 1235-1237, son of Simon II de Beauchamp and Isabella. Thanks to his second marriage, he became related to the royal family. In 1215-1217, William took part in the First Baronial War on the side of the opponents of the king, for which he was excommunicated by the Pope. As a result of the mutiny, he lost Bedford Castle, and in 1217 was captured at the Battle of Lincoln. In the fall, he was released, and Bedford Castle was returned to him only in 1224, and with a ban on erecting protective walls. In the 1240s - 1250s, William and his second wife had a serious conflict with the Newham Monastery they patronized. Since the eldest of his sons from his second marriage died before his father, leaving only a daughter, William, with the permission of the king in 1257, handed over his barony to the eldest of the surviving sons, William II.

Origin

William came from the Beauchans family of Bedfordshire. It is likely that their generic nickname, Beauchamp (from the French beau champ - "beautiful field"), came from the name of the ancestral possessions in Normandy. In Latin sources, the representatives of the Bochans were indicated with the generic nickname "Bello campo" (de Bello campo) from the Latin name of the surname (Latin campus bellus). John Horace Round assumed that the Beauchans came from Calvados. The founder of the family was Hugh de Beauchamp, who moved to England after the Norman conquest, receiving extensive possessions, mainly in Bedfordshire, thanks to which he became the feudal baron of Bedford. The size of Hugo's holdings in Bedfordshire was about 160 guides, and by 1086 he had become the largest landowner in the county. The size of the barony was 45 knightly fiefs. Also under the control of Hugo was the Anglo-Saxon castle in Bedford, on the site of which the Norman citadel was later built. It is likely that the castle was granted to him by William II the Red. In addition, Hugo de Beauchamp inherited the sheriff's office. One of Hugo's grandsons, Payne, married around 1144 to Roheza de Vere, daughter of Aubrey II de Vere, chamberlain of the royal d�

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