Ukraine

Article

August 13, 2022

Ukraine (Ukr. Ukraina [ukrɑˈjinɑ] listen) is a state in Eastern and partly Central Europe. The total area is 603,549 km². The population, according to the estimates of the State Statistics Service of Ukraine as of January 1, 2022, is 40,997,699 permanent residents and 41,167,336 people in the present population. It ranks 34th in the world in terms of population, 44th in terms of territory. Ukraine is the first country in terms of territory, located entirely in Europe. The capital is the city of Kyiv. The state language is Ukrainian. Ukraine is a unitary state and a parliamentary-presidential republic. The post of president has been occupied by Volodymyr Zelensky since May 20, 2019, and Denys Shmyhal has been the prime minister since March 4, 2020. The country is subdivided into 27 administrative-territorial units, 24 of which are regions, 1 is an autonomous republic (Crimea) and 2 cities (Kyiv, Sevastopol). with special status. It borders with Belarus in the north, Poland, Slovakia and Hungary in the west, Romania and Moldova in the southwest, Russia in the east, northeast and, de facto, south. In the south and southeast it is washed by the Black and Azov seas; It has maritime borders with Romania in the Black Sea and with Russia in the Black and Azov Seas. Part of the territory of Ukraine is not controlled by its authorities and, according to Ukrainian law, is temporarily occupied territory. Most of the believers profess Orthodoxy, there are also adherents of Catholicism and Greek Catholicism, as well as Judaism and Islam. The volume of GDP for 2021, calculated at purchasing power parity (PPP) amounted to $588.4 billion ($14,330 per capita). Nominal GDP in 2021 was $198.3 billion ($4,830 per capita), ranking last in Europe in terms of GDP per capita (nominal and PPP). The monetary unit is hryvnia (UAH). The independence of the country from the USSR, of which Ukraine was a union republic since December 1922, was proclaimed on August 24, 1991. The successor of state-national traditions and successor of the UNR, the successor state of the Ukrainian SSR, co-successor of the USSR, co-founder of the UN, CIS, GUAM, BSEC and other international organizations, official candidate for joining the European Union. According to the current international