Federal Chancellor of Austria

Article

October 17, 2021

This article is about the modern (since 1918) Austrian chancellors. For the heads of government of Austria during the imperial period (1804-1918) see Ministers-Presidents of Austria. The Federal Chancellor of Austria (German: Bundeskanzler) is the head of government in Austria. The Bundeskanzler is the chairman of the Austrian federal government. He coordinates the work of the government and represents government policy to parliament and the public. From January 7, 2020, Sebastian Kurz will be the Chancellor for the second time. The Constitution does not endow the Chancellor with the authority to give instructions to ministers, it characterizes his role in the cabinet as the first among equals. The power of the Chancellor to set policy stems partly from an accompanying prestige, partly because the president is obliged to remove ministers at the request of the Chancellor, and partly from the position (for example, leadership) of the Chancellor in the party or coalition that controls the National Council.

Purpose

The Federal Chancellor is appointed by the Federal President of Austria. In doing so, he takes into account the opinion of the majority of the lower house of parliament - the National Council. The National Council may pass a vote of no confidence in the federal government or individual federal ministers, but the final decision on the resignation of the government or ministers rests with the president.

List of Chancellors

Karl Renner - November 12, 1918 - July 7, 1920 Michael Mayr - 7 July 1920 - 21 June 1921 Johan Schober - June 21, 1921 - January 26, 1922 Walter Bryski - January 26, 1922 - January 27, 1922 Johan Schober - January 27, 1922 - May 31, 1922 Ignaz Seipel - May 31, 1922 - November 20, 1924 Rudolf Ramek - November 20, 1924 - October 20, 1926 Ignaz Seipel - October 20, 1926 - May 4, 1929 Ernst Streerwitz - May 4, 1929 - September 26, 1929 Johan Schober - September 26, 1929 - September 30, 1930 Karl Vogoin - September 30, 1930 - December 4, 1930 Otto Ender - December 4, 1930 - June 20, 1931 Karl Buresh - June 20, 1931 - May 20, 1932 Engelbert Dollfuss - May 20, 1932 - July 25, 1934 Kurt Schuschnigg - July 29, 1934 - March 11, 1938 Arthur Seyss-Inquart - March 11, 1938 - March 13, 1938 Austria was incorporated into Germany in 1938; independence was restored in 1945. Karl Renner April 27, 1945 - December 20, 1945 Leopold Figl - December 20, 1945 - February 25, 1953 Julius Raab - 2 April 1

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