Philippines

Article

May 28, 2022

The Philippines (English Philippines, Tagalog. Pilipinas), the official name is the Republic of the Philippines (English Republic of the Philippines, Tagalog. Republika ng Pilipinas) is an island nation in Southeast Asia. The population, as of March 2020, is estimated at 100,981,437 (an increase of 2% per year), including 2,134 Filipino employees of embassies and consulates abroad, the population density is 337 people per 1 km², the territory is 299,764 km². They rank thirteenth in the world in terms of population and 72nd in terms of territory. The capital is Manila and the largest city is Quezon City. The official languages ​​are English and Filipino (Tagalog). Unitary state, presidential republic. Rodrigo Duterte has been President since June 30, 2016 and Leni Robredo is Vice President. It is subdivided into 81 provinces. The Philippines is located in the Western Pacific Ocean between Indonesia and Taiwan and includes 7107 islands. The islands are divided into three groups: Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao. Most of the believers profess Catholicism. An industrial country with a dynamically developing economy. The volume of GDP for 2016 amounted to 310.312 billion US dollars (about 2978 US dollars per capita). The monetary unit is the Philippine peso. The independence of the country from Spain, which included the Philippines during 1521-1898, was proclaimed on June 12, 1898, after which, in accordance with the Paris Peace Treaty of 1898, the islands became part of the United States, from which they received full independence on July 4, 1946 .

Etymology

The Philippines was named after King Philip II of Spain (1527–1598). The Spanish explorer Ruy López de Villalobos, during his expedition in 1542, named the island "Philippines Leyte and Samar" (Spanish: Leyte and Samar Felipinas) in honor of the then Prince of Asturias. In the future, the name "Philippines" is used to name the entire archipelago. Prior to that, they were called the "Western Islands" (Spanish Islas del Poniente) or the name that Magellan gave them - "San Lazaro". The name of the archipelago has changed several times over the course of history. During the revolution in the Philippines, Congress proclaimed the territory the "Republic of the Philippines" ("República Filipina" or "Philippine Republic"). Ever since America's victory in the Philippine-American