Fry, Alexander Moritz


July 3, 2022

Alexander Moritz August Theodor Frey (German: Alexander Moritz August Theodor Frey; March 29, 1881, Munich, Germany - January 24, 1957, Zurich, Switzerland) is a German writer, an important representative of German literary fiction. Wrote and published primarily as "A. M. Fry”, as well as under the pseudonym “Alexander Funk” (German: Alexander Funk).


Frei grew up in Munich and Mannheim. He studied law in Heidelberg and Freiburg, but did not complete his studies. In 1907 he returned to Munich, where he began to write and befriended Thomas Mann. In 1913, his critically acclaimed collection of short stories, The Dark Passages (German: Dunkle Gänge), was published, followed in 1914 by his first novel, The Invisible Solneman (German: Solneman der Unsichtbare). In 1915, Fry was called up for military service and sent as a medical officer to the Western Front. Subsequently, he repeatedly processed the experience of the war in his works, which formed him into a convinced pacifist. In the regiment, Fry met Corporal Adolf Hitler, who tried to persuade him to his ideas and take advantage of Fry's writing talent. In his memoirs, Fry describes how, disdainful of Hitler's behavior, he kept his distance. Even after the war, Hitler bluntly asked several times if Fry, as an old comrade in arms, would like to participate in the new movement. But Fry refused again and again. On March 15, 1933, Fry was visiting his friend Alfred Neumann in Brannenburg; here he learned from his housekeeper that stormtroopers had broken into Fry's apartment to arrest him and had trashed the furnishings. That same night, Neumann ferried him across the Austrian border in the trunk of his car. Fry initially settled in Salzburg, the impressions of which resulted in the novel Heaven and Hell (German: Hölle und Himmel), published in 1945. On May 10, during the book burning in Germany, Fry's works were also burned. In the same year, he received the award for best short story from the Amsterdam émigré magazine Die Sammlung. From 1936, Fry had serious clashes with the Austrian immigration police, which was increasingly influenced by Nazi Germany, so that in 1938 Fry had to flee to Switzerland, where, however, he was initially officially forbidden to write. He lived in Base