October 17, 2021

France (French, [fʁɑ̃s] listen), the official name is the French Republic (French République française, [ʁ fʁɑ̃.sɛz] listen), is a transcontinental state that includes the main territory in Western Europe and a number of overseas regions and territories. The capital is Paris. The motto of the Republic is "Freedom, equality, brotherhood", its principle is the rule of the people, the people and for the people. The name of the country comes from the ethnonym of the ancient Germanic tribe of the Franks. The majority of the population of France is of mixed Gallo-Roman descent and speaks the language of the Romance group. The population is 62 814 233 people in the metropolis and 67 848 156 people - taking into account overseas possessions (estimate as of July 1, 2020), including about 90% - French citizens. Believers are predominantly Catholics (80% of the number of believers or 43% of the total population), while 45% of the population declare that they do not belong to any religion. France is a nuclear power, a NATO member and one of the five permanent members of the UN Security Council. Since the 1950s - one of the states participating in the creation of the European Union. The legislature is a bicameral parliament (Senate and National Assembly). Administrative divisions: 18 regions (13 in the metropolis and 5 overseas regions), including 101 departments (96 in the metropolis and 5 overseas departments), 5 overseas communities and 3 administrative-territorial entities with a special status.


The name "France" comes from the Latin "Francia" (Latin Francia) or "country of the Franks", from the name Germanic tribes living along the lower and middle reaches of the Rhine and known under the common ethnonym "Franks" (lat. Franci). In the 5th-6th centuries, the Franks conquered Gaul, where they formed the Frankish state (lat. Regnum Francorum). From the same ethnonym in the 9th century, the name "France" (Francia) was formed, which was used first to designate the territory north of the Seine, then part of the disintegrated Frankish state, later the Duchy of France and the region of Ile-de-France (French île de France) are known - “ the island of France "with the center in Paris, which later became the nucleus of the formation of the state of France. There are various versions about the origin of the name of the Franks tribe. In English, after the works of E. Gibbon and J. Grimm, e�

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