Hippie

Article

January 24, 2022

Hippie (English hippie or hippy; according to one of the etymological versions, it comes from colloquial hip or hep - “understanding, knowing”, according to another - from happy (happy)) - a philosophy and subculture that originally arose in the 1960s in USA. The heyday of the movement came in the late 1960s - early 1970s. Initially, the hippies opposed the puritanical morality of some Protestant churches, and also promoted the desire to return to natural purity through love and pacifism. One of the most famous hippie slogans is “Make love, not war!”, which means “Make love, not war!”. It is generally believed that hippies believe in the following positions: man must be free; one can achieve freedom only by changing the inner structure of the soul; the actions of an internally uninhibited person are determined by the desire to protect their freedom, as the greatest treasure; beauty and freedom are identical to each other and that the realization of both is a purely spiritual problem; all who share the above, form a spiritual community; the spiritual community is the ideal form of community. However, among the hippies there is no clearly formulated creed, which, by virtue of its precise wording, would be a contradiction in definition.

History

In the 1940s and 1950s in the United States, among the representatives of the “beat generation”, there was a term hipsters, which denoted jazz musicians, and then the bohemian counterculture that formed around them. The hippie culture in the 1960s developed out of the beat culture of the 1950s in parallel with the development of rock and roll from jazz. One of the foremost and well-known hippie communities was the Merry Pranksters community, which Tom Wolfe writes about in his book The Electric Chill Acid Test. The first use of the word "hippie" was recorded in a New York television program, where this word was used to describe a group of young people in T-shirts, jeans and long hair protesting the Vietnam War. At that time, the slang expression "to be hip" was popular, meaning "to be in the know", "to be" global "", and the New York counterculture supporters from Greenwich Village were called "hips". In this case, the television people used the word hippie pejoratively, alluding to the claims of deliberately poorly dressed girls.

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