Hohenburg, Richard von

Article

August 20, 2022

Richard Puller von Hohenburg (German and French Richard Puller von Hohenburg; d. September 24, 1482; Zurich) - Alsatian and Swiss aristocrat and knight, burned for sodomy in the city square of Zurich.

Origin

Richard von Hohenburg, known by the nickname "Puller", came from a family of German aristocrats von Hohenburg, whose family estate was located in lower Alsace, not far from the place where the Franco-Palatinate border passed in the 19th century, a two-hour drive from the city of Weissenburg. For the first time, Richard's ancestors appear in sources in the middle of the 13th century. Many of them were nicknamed "Puller", "Puller" or "Buller". According to Jakob Frank, this word could be derived from Polterer (from German - "A noisy person, talker, idle talker") due to the excessive noise of the first representatives of the dynasty. The first person with such a nickname, whose name was Konrad, appears in the sources in 1276, and in 1262 he does not yet have such an epithet. Friedrich-Heinrich von der Hagen wrote that the von Hohenburgs were not of German origin, but it is known that in one of his minstrels Richard spoke directly of origin from Germany. Johann Christoph Adelung also doubts the foreign origin of the dynasty, stating that their homeland was "before Vienna", although they had possessions in Alsace. In the future, representatives of the family participated in the military campaigns of the Habsburgs. They received the fortress of Hohenburg and seven nearby villages, and in the future, the family's possessions continued to grow.

Biography

Richard was born in the family of Konrad von Hohenburg, who was a great nobleman and a descendant of the first Konrad. He lived in the city of Strasbourg in Alsace, where he got married. In 1463, the Swiss nobleman Wirich von Berstette seized one of Richard Ludwig Fischer's servants after he was spotted wearing far more opulent clothing and carrying more money than a man of his rank should have. In Europe at the time, such gifts often served as evidence of the offering of improper sexual favors, as they usually served as a sign of love interest, attention, or simply as a bribe from a person who wanted to have sexual contact. Ludwig Fischer was tortured, under which he said that his master