Chicago branch

Article

January 24, 2022

The Chicago Outfit (also Chicago Outfit, Southern Gang, etc.) is an organized crime syndicate based in Chicago. It was created in the 1910s in the Chicago South Side as a division of the Italian-American mafia. The group was created in the 1910s by Calabrian-born pimp James Colosimo. Initially, the gang was engaged in protecting prostitution, organizing underground gambling and petty racketeering. The heyday came in the 1920s and is associated with the names of John Torrio and Al Capone. This period was marked by bloody gang wars for control of the distribution of illegal alcohol during Prohibition. In 1931, Capone was convicted of income tax evasion; his place at the head of the Branch was taken by Paul Ricca. He ruled jointly with Tony Accardo from 1943 until his death in 1972. Accardo was in charge of the Branch until his death in the early 1990s, making him the longest reign of any mafia boss. Never having a complete monopoly on organized crime in Chicago, the Affiliate nevertheless long remained the most powerful criminal organization in Chicago and the Midwest as a whole. Unlike other mafia structures such as New York's Five Families, the Branch has maintained organizational unity since its inception. At its peak, the Branch's control extended to California, Florida, and Nevada, and operations were and still are in the US Midwest and South Florida, as well as in Las Vegas and other parts of the US Southwest. By the end of the 20th century, increased law enforcement attention and a general decline led to a gradual decline in syndicate activity. However, the Affiliate continues to be one of the major and most active organized crime groups in the Chicago metropolitan area and the Midwest. Special Agent Ted McNamara noted in 2011 that "the Chicago mob doesn't have the power and influence it once did. But the mafia is still active, and its members continue to pose a potentially serious criminal threat.” Unlike the New York crime gangs, the Chicago mob is made up of only one family, often referred to as the "org

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