January 24, 2022

Sweden (Swedish Sverige [ˈsvæ̌rjɛ]), the official name is the Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish Konungariket Sverige [ˈkôːnɵŋaˌriːkɛt ˈsvæ̌rjɛ]) is a state in Northern Europe on the Scandinavian Peninsula. The territory is 447,435 km², and the population - more than 10 million people - according to these indicators, it is the largest Scandinavian state. Among the states of Europe, it occupies the 5th place in terms of territory. The capital is Stockholm. The official language is Swedish. Unitary state, constitutional monarchy. Carl XVI Gustaf has been the King of Sweden since September 15, 1973. Subdivided into 21 lines. Located on the Scandinavian Peninsula. It is washed by the waters of the Baltic Sea. It has land borders with Norway and Finland. Sweden is a multinational state with wide ethno-cultural, religious, racial and national diversity. The volume of GDP at purchasing power parity for 2019 was 570.7 billion US dollars (55,265 US dollars per capita). The monetary unit is the Swedish krona. Sweden is a member of the UN (1946), the Council of Europe (1949), the Nordic Council (1952), the OSCE (1973), the WTO (1995), the European Union (1995), the Schengen Agreement - since December 9, 1996 (entered into force in 2001 year).

Etymology and national symbols

The name of the country comes from the Old Norse words svea and rige - "the state of the Svei". The official Swedish heraldry is the yellow and blue flag, the national symbol "Three Crowns", the national anthem, and the coat of arms in two versions: large and small. The oldest images of a blue flag with a yellow cross that have survived to this day date back to the 16th century. The very symbol of the yellow cross in the Swedish army has been applied to banners and standards since time immemorial. It is based on the outlines of the ancient coat of arms of the kingdom with a blue background, divided into four parts by a golden cross. The sign of the "three crowns" has been used as the state emblem of Sweden since at least 1336, but long before that it was known to Europeans as a symbol of the "Three Wise Kings". Since 1916, the Swedish Flag Day has appeared in the Swedish calendar - June 6th. In 1983, it was renamed the National Day of Sweden, and in 2004 it was proclaimed a public holiday and a day off. The date was chosen immediately for two reasons: June 6, 1523

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