Humor

Article

August 11, 2022

Humor is the intellectual ability to notice in phenomena their comical, funny sides, sneer. A sense of humor is associated with the subject's ability to detect contradictions in the world around him. In a broad sense, everything that can cause laughter, smile and joy.

Etymology

In the Russian language, the old form humor (from the 18th century) originally circulated in the meaning of “mood”, “disposition of the spirit”. M. Vasmer suggested that such an option could be a borrowing from it. humor, but this form could also be borrowed from Italian (for example, Italian. umore). A variant of humor with the meaning of “feeling funny” came into the Russian language in the 19th century from English, this form reflects the sound of English. humor ['hju: mɔ]. The original origin of the word is lat. humor, meaning "moisture", "liquid, juice". In medieval medicine, this Latin word had the concept of a "moist" person, in which there was a sufficient amount of bodily fluid, which was a sign of health for the body and spirit.

Study History

In the philosophy and science of the 18th century, the inconsistency of humor was considered in line with the search for the logic of constructing a humorous image. Thus, the Scottish philosopher J. Beatty, in an essay on laughter, designated the object of his work as "the result of observing two or more illogical, inappropriate or absurd parts or circumstances, considered as combined in one complex object or group." A. Schopenhauer in his work “The World as Will and Representation” pointed out that two non-coincident elements from which the funny arises are the concept we have learned and the real object, which “was thought in this concept” (but in reality turned out to be different from it). In the theory of detente, humor is interpreted as a mechanism of "release from tension", as a kind of "safety valve". The Scottish philosopher of the 19th century A. Bain and the English sociologist G. Spencer also considered laughter as a release. Elements of the theory of discharge can also be found in Freud's detailed interpretation of the foundations of humor. In Wit and its Relation to the Unconscious, the founder of psychoanalysis clearly distinguishes between humor, comicality and wit. Z. Freud believed that humor is a means of solving ps