1772 (one thousand seven hundred seventy-two) year according to the Gregorian calendar is a leap year starting on Wednesday. This is the year 1772 AD, the 2nd year of the 8th decade of the 18th century of the 2nd millennium, the 3rd year of the 1770s. It ended 250 years ago.
King Gustav III of Sweden arrested some of the deputies of the State Council and, relying on the army, forced the Riksdag to recognize the new constitution, which strengthened royal power.
January 17 - As a result of a coup d'état in the Danish-Norwegian kingdom, a group of aristocrats arrested the German doctor Johann Friedrich Struensee, who concentrated almost unlimited power in his hands. The conspirators entered the bedroom of King Christian and forced him to sign an order for the arrest of Struense and his closest associates Brand, Faldenskiöld, Struense's brother. Struensee is accused of having an intimate relationship with the Queen. April 28 - his execution. Brand's execution. The marriage of Queen Caroline Matilda to the king is annulled.
1772-1784 - Prime Minister of Denmark Guldberg.
The final suppression of the Bar Confederation.
August 5 (July 25 O.S.) - Petersburg Treaty between Russia, Austria and Prussia, in accordance with the terms of which the first partition of Poland took place. Prussia received Pomeranian Voivodeship (without Gdansk), Warmia, Malbork and Chelminskoe Voivodeship (without Torun), part of Kuyavia and Greater Poland. Austria - Galicia, part of Krakow and Sandomierz provinces and Russian province with Lviv (without Kholm land), Hungary - Spis, Russia - Upper Dnieper, Dvina and Latgale (Polotsk, Vitebsk, Mogilev, Gomel, Dvinsk (Daugavpils)).
Construction in Poland of the Bydgoszcz Canal connecting the Vistula (via the Brda tributary) with the Odra (via the Notec and Warta tributaries).
Restoration of Turkish rule over Egypt. Ali Bey fled to Palestine.
Expulsion of all European missionaries from China.
1772-1792 - Collection of all printed books ever published in China. A library of 172,626 volumes (10,223 titles) has been formed.
The local Jinchuan tribes rebelled in Sichuan. Troops from Yunnan, Guizhou and Sichuan were thrown against them.
The Music Club was founded in St. Petersburg.
The decision to pay governors, judges and other officials in the British colonies from the royal treasury. Creation in Bos