1775 year

Article

August 11, 2022

1775 (one thousand seven hundred seventy-fifth) year according to the Gregorian calendar is a common year starting on Sunday. This is the year 1775 AD, the 5th year of the 8th decade of the 18th century of the 2nd millennium, the 6th year of the 1770s. It ended 247 years ago.

Events

Europe

1775-1783 - the war of England with its colonies in North America. In Sweden, the demarcation of communal lands and the destruction of the mullet are accelerating. Food difficulties in France. Unrest of the urban lower classes in Dijon, Versailles, Saint-Germain, Paris. 1775-1799 - Pope Pius VI (1717-1799). Many internal trade duties in Austria have been abolished. Foreign trade duties increased. Major uprising of peasants in Northern Bohemia and Moravia. The peasants moved to Prague. The government sent a whole army to suppress it. In a series of bloody battles, the peasants were defeated. May 7 - Austria and Turkey signed an agreement in Constantinople, according to which Austria received Bukovina for supporting Turkey during negotiations with Russia. May 8 - the postal station Krivoy Rog was founded, later the city - a metallurgical and mining center. July 15 - The ruler of Austria, Archduchess Maria Theresa, issued a decree on the partial abolition of customs barriers between various Austrian lands. August 13 - the second corvée patent of Maria Theresa on corvée in the Czech Republic, which limited it to three days and regulated the amount of dues. Bezhetsk in the Tver region receives the status of a city. By decree of Empress Catherine II, in order to “completely forget the troubles that happened in the fatherland”, the Yaik River was renamed the Ural, the Yaitsky town - Uralsk, the Yaik Cossack army - the Ural Cossack army. The August manifesto of Empress Catherine II liquidated the Zaporozhian Sich (occupied by the tsarist troops in early June). Most of the Cossacks were resettled in the Kuban. Provincial reform of Catherine II: On November 18, 1775, the "Institution for the administration of the provinces of the All-Russian Empire" was adopted. Judicial reform of Catherine II. Manifesto on the freedom of enterprise, allowing the peasant industry. This led to an increase in the number of breeders from merchants and peasants who invested their capital in industry. December 22 - issued a decree of Catherine II, which determined the main