1937 (one thousand nine hundred and thirty-seven) in the Gregorian calendar is a common year beginning on Friday. This is the year 1937 AD, the 937th year of the 2nd millennium, the 37th year of the 20th century, the 7th year of the 4th decade of the 20th century, the 8th year of the 1930s. It ended 85 years ago.
January 8 - The US government banned the export of weapons and military equipment to Spain, where a civil war is going on.
January 20 - Franklin Delano Roosevelt is sworn in for a second term as President of the United States.
5 February — Valentina Khetagurova publishes an appeal to Soviet girls to move to the Far East in the Komsomolskaya Pravda newspaper. The beginning of the Khetagur movement.
February 11 - the first Soviet tracked tractor STZ-NATI rolled off the assembly line of the Stalingrad Tractor Plant.
February 27 - in the case of Nikolai Bukharin and Alexei Rykov, the 4th People's Commissar for Posts and Telegraph of the USSR Alexei Rykov and Nikolai Bukharin, a member of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the All-Union Communist Party of Bolsheviks, were arrested.
March 8 - March 23 - Spanish Civil War: Guadalajara operation.
The North Caucasian Territory was transformed into the Ordzhonikidze Territory.
Bolivian President Colonel José David Toro issued a decree nationalizing all property of Standard Oil.
March 14 - A new constitution of the Azerbaijan SSR is adopted.
March 19 - Pope Pius XI's encyclical "Divini Redemptoris" was published, which called for the fight against the communists and forbade Catholics from any cooperation with them (paragraph 58 of the encyclical). The encyclical stated (pp. 18, 20) that the "scourge of communism" "creates horrors (...) in large areas of Spain", where "to the extent possible, every church and every monastery was destroyed" and Catholics "are killed almost daily by one the accusation that they are good Christians, or at least opposed to godless communism.
April 7 - For the first time in the history of aeronautics, a female crew pilots an airship. The flight took place on the USSR V-1 airship. Crew commander - V.F. Demina.
The 21st of April:
The premiere of "Anna Karenina" at the Moscow Art Theater is marked by a special TASS report as an event of national importance.
A new coat of arms of the Ukrainian SSR was approved, which was valid until 1949.
April 26 - The German legion "Condor" during many hours of bombardment destroyed the Spanish city of Germany.