The Gregorian year 2005 (two thousand and five) is a common year beginning on Saturday. This is the year 2005 AD, the 5th year of the 3rd millennium, the 5th year of the 21st century, the 5th year of the 1st decade of the 21st century, the 6th year of the 2000s.
International Year of Physics (UN Resolution No. 58/293).
International Year of Sport and Physical Education as a Means to Promote Education, Health, Development and Peace (UN Resolution No. 58/5).
International Year of Microcredit (UN Resolution No. 53/197).
UNESCO declared the year of Sholokhov.
Year of the Azerbaijan Republic in the Russian Federation.
Year of the Russian Federation in the Republic of Armenia.
January 1 - The law on the monetization of benefits came into force in Russia. This caused protests in Moscow, St. Petersburg, Samara and a number of other cities in the country.
January 2 - The first round of presidential elections is held in Croatia.
January 3 - Baghdad governor Ali al-Khaidri is killed by terrorists.
January 9 - Mahmoud Abbas is elected chairman of the Palestinian National Authority.
January 12 - the launch of the Deep Impact probe, the purpose of which is to ram the nucleus of comet Tempel 1 with a special projectile.
January 13 - An-2 plane crashed in the Evenk Autonomous Okrug on a Vanavara-Tura flight. There were 9 people on board, including the Deputy Governor of the EAO Ivan Safronov.
January 14 – The Huygens spacecraft lands on the surface of Titan, Saturn's largest moon.
January 16 - Stepan Mesić wins the second round of the Croatian presidential election with 66% of the vote.
January 18 — Vip.lenta.ru website publishes a large article by Sergei Rublev “On the Path to Absolute Knowledge” dedicated to Wikipedia.
January 20 - George W. Bush takes office for a second term.
January 22 - North Korean Foreign Minister Kim Ke Gwan announces that North Korea is a nuclear power.
January 23 - V. A. Yushchenko took the oath and assumed the presidency of Ukraine.
January 25 - In Satara, which is 300 km from Indian Mumbai, as a result of a stampede during a Hindu pilgrimage, 257 people were killed.
January 26 - An American CH-53 helicopter crashes in western Iraq. 31 US servicemen were killed.
30 January - First parliamentary elections in Iraq since the overthrow of the Iraqi Socialist Party�