Pink Floyd

Article

August 20, 2022

Pink Floyd is a British rock band known for their lengthy compositions and themed suites, sound experiments, philosophical lyrics, album cover designs and grandiose live shows. It is one of the most influential and commercially successful groups in the history of world rock music - it has more than 250 million albums sold in the world, including 75 million in the United States. The band was founded in 1965 by fellow architecture students at the London Polytechnic Institute Richard Wright (keyboards, vocals), Roger Waters (bass guitar, vocals), Nick Mason (drums) and their friend from Cambridge Syd Barrett (vocals, guitar). The original name "The Pink Floyd Sound" was coined by the band's leader and lyricist of the early period, Barrett, in 1967 it was shortened to "Pink Floyd". At the beginning of the same year, the band released their first singles, and in August they released their debut studio album The Piper at the Gates of Dawn, which became a classic of psychedelic rock. At the end of 1967, guitarist David Gilmour joined the four musicians. He replaced Barrett, who was suffering from drug addiction at the time, and who often disrupted recordings and concerts. After the departure of Barrett, Roger Waters and Richard Wright became the dominant figures in the group, but over time, Wright lost ground to Gilmour. Between 1968 and 1972, the group released six albums (two of which contained film scores). In 1973, the band's most successful album, The Dark Side of the Moon, was released, immediately making Pink Floyd a worldwide phenomenon. It was followed by the albums Wish You Were Here (1975) and Animals (1977), further increasing the group's international fame. With each new album, Roger Waters strengthened his leadership in Pink Floyd, gradually becoming the sole leader. It is he who is the author of the idea and most of the compositions of the concept album The Wall (1979). This state of affairs caused dissatisfaction on the part of other members of the group, which led to the departure of Wright. The final work of Pink Floyd as part of Gilmour-Mason-Waters was the album The Final Cut (1983). After that, the team stopped active work, and its members took up