The Piper at the Gates of Dawn
The Piper at the Gates of Dawn is the debut studio album by Pink Floyd, released in 1967 and the only one recorded under the direction of Syd Barrett, who was the band's primary songwriter and creative leader at the time. Admittedly, the album had a huge impact on the formation and development of psychedelic rock.
The record contains whimsical lyrics about space, scarecrows, gnomes, bicycles and fairy tales, combined with psychedelic instrumental passages. The album was recorded at Abbey Road Studios in London. During the recording of the record, the band members experimented with studio equipment, used a large number of instruments from the extensive Abbey Road collection, and also used sound effects and natural noise recordings from the studio's record library; at one of the sessions they were allowed to attend a recording by The Beatles, who were working on the song "Lovely Rita" in a neighboring studio (in the process of creating the Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band album).
The album got its name, which is often translated into Russian as "The Piper at the Gates of Dawn", from the title of the 7th chapter of the fairy tale "The Wind in the Willows" by the Scottish writer Kenneth Graham, the favorite book of the group's founder Syd Barrett (translated by Irina Tokmakova - "Svirel at the threshold of dawn").
In this book, "the piper" is Pan playing the flute; heroes Rat and Mole in search of baby Portley experienced a spiritual experience:
In January 1967, before the recording of their debut album (The Piper at the Gates of Dawn) began, Pink Floyd recorded their first single called "Arnold Layne", which was released in March of that year (the composition " Candy and a Currant Bun"). "Arnold Layne" is a song about a drag queen written by band founder Syd Barrett and based on a real-life guest at Syd's mother's house. The song was not included in the band's first album, but despite the protests of critics, the single took the twentieth position in the UK charts. Also in January, the band recorded a 16-minute version of the psychedelic track "Interstellar Overdrive", which will later be released on the French edition of the album (UK and US editions contain a shorter version of this com.