November 30, 2021

Japan (Japanese: ih; Nihon or Nippon), also known as the State of Japan (Japanese: 日本国; Nippon-koku or Nihon-koku), is a unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy in East Asia. It is an island nation located in the Pacific Ocean, lying on the east coast of the Asian mainland and stretching from the Sea of ​​Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea in the southwest. It covers an area of ​​377,972 km², and the climate is mostly temperate, but varies greatly from north to south. With 127 million inhabitants, Japan is the tenth most populous country in the world. The capital and largest city is Tokyo, while the other major cities are Yokohama, Osaka, Nagoya, Sapporo, Kobe, Kyoto, Fukuoka, Kawasaki and Saitama. The claws that make up the name of Japan mean "the origin of the Sun" from which the "Land of the Rising Sun" is derived. Japan is a stratovolcano archipelago consisting of 6,852 islands. The four largest islands are Kyushu, Hokkaido, Honshu and Shikoku, which make up about 97% of Japan's mainland and are often called their home islands. The country is divided into 47 prefectures into 8 regions, with Hokkaido as the northernmost prefecture and Okinawa as the southernmost. Archaeological research has proven that Japan was already inhabited in the Upper Paleolithic. The first written mention of Japan is in Chinese historical texts from the 1st century AD. e. Influences from other regions, especially China, followed by periods of isolation, especially from Western Europe, have characterized the history of Japan. From the 12th century until 1868, Japan was ruled by hereditary feudal military shoguns in the name of the emperor. At the beginning of the 17th century, Japan entered a long period of isolation, which ended in 1853, when the United States forced Japan to open up to the West. After nearly two decades of internal strife and rebellion, the Imperial Court regained its political power in 1868 with the help of several clans from Choshu and Satsum, and the Empire of Japan was founded. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, victories in the First Sino-Japanese War, the Russo-Japanese War, and World War I enabled Japan to expand its empire during a period of growing militarism. The Second Sino-Japanese War in 1937 escalated into World War II in 1941, which ended in 1945 after the dropping of the atomic bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki and the Japanese surrender. Since the adoption of the revised constitution on May 3, 1947, during the occupation of Vrh

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