Heresy

Article

October 28, 2021

Heresy (Greek αἵρεσις [haíresis], from αἱρέομαι [hairéomai] - "choose") or heresy in Christianity, and especially in the Catholic and Orthodox Churches, means all opinions about religious dogmas, which differ from the official teaching of the church. In a broader sense, heresy is a teaching in philosophy, politics, or science that differs from that which is generally accepted as authority. Personal opinions about Christian dogmas, and especially about Jesus Christ, are called "Christological heresies". The number of views that have been marked as heretical throughout history is considerable. A heretic, a man who thinks differently about religious issues, has been condemned by the official church for centuries. There was always a frightening, repulsive notion about heretics. The very accusation of heresy in the history of the church has already proved to be a terrible weapon, with which any unpleasant opponent could be destroyed. The Church has never had a benevolent attitude towards freedom of choice in matters of faith. Tertullian points out that the choice is not valid because it destroys the unity of the group. A heretic is one who chooses. Believers are not allowed to ask questions because "questions make people heretics." In the beginning of Christianity, the main heretics were people who read Greek philosophers. Tertullian determined this precisely: "philosophers are patriarchs of heretics", and his position has been widely accepted throughout the history of the church. .. Meiendorf proves that, according to the assessments of the first councils, "classical philosophers were heresiars", that is, that all major Christian heresies are the result of their influence. As a rule, a heretic is a man who persists in his belief, who turns against the church community rather than renounces his own convictions. Because of their bold and often heroic commitment to different understandings of the faith, heretics are among the great forerunners of new ideas. As the teachings of Christ deviated from the official course of the Jewish religion, he was perceived as a reformer and, finally, as a heretic. A heretic has similarities with a prophet, with a saint, but he sacrifices everything and is filled with faith. He is the greatest opposition to a religiously indifferent, church-politically oriented man. The heretic resolutely accepts the consequences of his actions, and his inner vitality presupposes the existence of an extremely strong religious interest, which is above average for the heretic. Archangel Michael is considered a fighter p�

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