Uprising in Herzegovina in 1941.


July 5, 2022

Uprising in Herzegovina in 1941 or June Uprising are general names for the uprising of Serbs in eastern Herzegovina against the government of the Independent State of Croatia (NDH), an Axis puppet state that was founded during World War II on the territory of the occupied and dismembered Kingdom of Yugoslavia. While the NDH was imposing its rule, members of the ruling fascist Ustaše movement began a campaign of persecution of Serbs throughout the country. In eastern Herzegovina, the Ustasha committed a series of massacres and attacks on the majority Serbian population, starting from the first week of June 1941. Between June 6 and 22, 1941, spontaneous conflicts took place between the NDH authorities and the Serbian population in the region. The German invasion of the Soviet Union began on June 22. In the following two days, sporadic rebellions of Serbs against the NDH in eastern Herzegovina turned into a mass uprising, which was caused by Ustasha persecutions, Serbian solidarity with the Russian people, hatred of and fear of the NDH authorities, as well as other factors. The Serbian insurgents, under the leadership of the people, attacked the Police, the Ustasha soldiers and the Croatian Home Guard in eastern Herzegovina. In the first few days, the insurgents occupied gendarmerie positions in several villages, set up barricades on major roads and ambushed several military vehicles. On the night of June 26, the insurgents launched an attack on Nevesinje in an attempt to capture it, but the garrison in the town held out until the morning of June 28, when NDH forces broke through the insurgent barricades. On June 28, insurgents ambushed a truck carrying members of the Italian Royal Army, prompting Italian army commanders in the NDH to warn the NDH authorities that they would take unilateral measures to secure communication routes. The insurgents destroyed another police post, and in the evening the insurgents captured the village of Avtovac, then looted and burned it, killing a dozen non-Serb civilians. The next day, an Italian column drove the insurgents out of the village and rescued the Ustasha garrison in Gacko, which was located in the surrounding area. From July 3, NDH forces of over 2,000 men spread out from Nevesinje, clearing towns, villages and roads of insurgents. The insurgents did not significantly oppose the operation to clear the terrain and retreated to the nearby C�