May 19, 2022

Germany (German: Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a federal parliamentary republic in Central and Western Europe. It consists of 16 constituent states, covers an area of ​​357,021 km² and has a mostly temperate seasonal climate. With about 82 million inhabitants, Germany is the most populous member state of the European Union. After the United States, it is the second most popular immigration destination in the world. The main and largest metropolis of Germany is Berlin, while the largest conurbation is the Ruhr area - with the main centers in Dortmund and Essen. Other major cities in Germany are Hamburg, Munich, Cologne, Frankfurt, Stuttgart, Dusseldorf, Leipzig, Bremen, Dresden, Hanover and Nuremberg. Various Germanic tribes have inhabited the northern parts of present-day Germany since classical antiquity. An area called Germany was documented before 100 AD. e. During the Great Migration, Germanic tribes spread to the south. At the beginning of the 10th century, German territories formed the central part of the Holy Roman Empire. During the 16th century, the northern German provinces became the scene of the Protestant Reformation. After the collapse of the Holy Roman Empire, the German Confederation was founded in 1815. The German Revolutions of 1848-1849. led to the creation of the Frankfurt National Assembly, the first freely elected assembly for all of Germany. Germany became a nation state in 1871 when most of the German states were united into the German Empire dominated by Prussia. After the First World War and the German Revolution of 1918-1919, the Empire was replaced by the Parliamentary Weimar Republic. In 1933, the rapid rise of the Nazis to power led to the establishment of Nazi Germany, which arose and rested on the foundations of a dictatorship and then led to World War II and the Holocaust. After the end of World War II in Europe and the period of Allied occupation, two German states were founded: democratic West Germany and socialist East Germany. The two countries united on October 3, 1990. In the 21st century, Germany is a great power and the fourth largest economy in terms of nominal GDP, and the fifth in terms of PPP. As a world leader in several industries and technologies, Germany is the world's third largest exporter and importer