October 28, 2021
George Washington (February 22, 1732 - Mount Vernon, December 14, 1799) was the American Revolutionary Commander-in-Chief (1775-1783), the first President of the United States (1789-1797) and one of the founders of the United States. Born into a wealthy family in Westmoreland County, Virginia, he had a private education and worked as a building inspector since he was 16 years old. In 1752, he inherited his brother's estate in Mount Vernon, including 18 slaves, whose number rose to 49 by 1760. In the Franco-Indian War, he was appointed colonel and sent to Ohio. After Edward Braddock was killed, Washington became commander of all troops in Virginia and was entrusted with the task of defending the western border (1755-58). He retired from the service to manage his estate and in 1759 married Martha Dendridge Castis (1731-1802), a widow. He worked in the House of Bourgeois 1759-74, supporting the colonizers, and in the Continental Congress 1774-1775. In 1775 he was elected commander of the Continental Army. Later, in the American Revolution, he proved to be an outstanding commander and a reliable leader, despite suffering several defeats. When the war ended successfully with the conquest of Yorktown (1781), he left the service and returned to Mount Vernon (1783). He was a delegate and chairman of the Constitutional Convention (1787) and helped ensure the approval of the Constitution in Virginia. When state voters met to elect the first president (1789), Washington was unanimously elected. He formed a cabinet to reconcile factional and political differences, but had a strong central government. When he was elected in his second term, he sought a compromise solution between the political factions that later became the federalist and democratic parties. He publicly emphasized neutrality in the war between Britain and France (1793) and sent troops to quell the Whiskey Rebellion (1794). He refused a third term, setting a precedent for the next 144 years, and retired in 1797 after giving his farewell speech. Known as the father of his country, he is considered one of the greatest personalities in the history of the United States. George Washington has often been considered the best president of the United States. Childhood and youth George Washington was the son of Augustine Washington and Mary Bell Washington. He was born in Westmoreland County, Virginia, on February 11, 1731.