American War of Independence


January 22, 2022

The American Revolutionary War (1775-1783), also known as the American Revolutionary War, was a war between the Kingdom of Great Britain and thirteen "United Colonies" (New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut). New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia). The war was the culmination of the policy of the American Revolution, during which the colonists wanted to overthrow British rule. With the Battle of Lexington (April 18, 1775), the War of Independence began. During the war, on July 4, 1776, the Declaration of Independence was passed and independence from the British Crown was proclaimed. The British, meanwhile, were assembling a large army to quell the rebellion. They inflicted significant defeats on the American rebel army, now under the command of George Washington, captured New York in 1776 and Philadelphia in 1777. However, they were unable or unwilling to deal a final blow. The British strategy relied on the mobilization of loyalist militias, which they fully recruited only at the end of the war. Poor coordination helped the failure of the British advance towards Oblania in 1777, which resulted in the capture of the British army after the battles near Saratoga. France, Spain and the Netherlands have secretly provided the revolutionaries with supplies, ammunition and weapons since 1776. The American victory at Saratoga convinced France to go to war openly, forcing Britain to redirect its army to other battlefields. French aid proved crucial, but also expensive, as it destroyed the French economy and plunged the country into large debts. Spain and the Netherlands also fought wars for the next four years, threatening to invade Great Britain and seriously threatening British power with military operations in Europe, Asia and the Caribbean. After 1778, Britain shifted its attention to the southern colonies, bringing it initial success when they reconquered Georgia and Carolina in 1779 and 1780. British forces tried to subdue Virginia in 1781, but a French naval victory outside Chesapeake Bay led to a French -American siege of Yorktown and the capture of 7,000 British soldiers. This defeat broke Britain's will to continue the war. Limited fighting continued through 1782, �

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