Andrew III the Venetian
Andrew III of Hungary, also known as Andrew of Venice (Hungarian: András III, Velencei András), was a Hungarian king who ruled from 1290 to 1301 as the last king of the Arpadović dynasty.
Opportunities before coming to power
Andrija was the son of Stefan Postum and the Venetian Tomasina Morosini. His father comes from the third marriage of King Andrew II with Beatrice of Este-Ferrara. On the eve of Stefan's birth, the king died, and the heir of Bela IV did not want to admit his brother, accusing Beatrice of marital infidelity. Pregnant Beatrice changed into men's clothes and fled to her brother in Italy, where she gave birth to a son, Stefan.
After a long wandering, Stefan settled in Venice, where he married the Venetian Tomasino Morosini. In the war against Hungary, the Czech Republic supported Stefan, but by concluding peace, it committed itself to stop it. Soon, during 1271, Stefan died, leaving a widow and son Andrija, to whom he transferred his rights to the position of Croatian duke. Due to the great dissatisfaction with the rule of King Ladislaus IV Kumanac, a part of the nobility, indignant at the powerlessness in the state and the king's lavish life, began to think about choosing a new king. Andrew took advantage of this and went for the crown at the invitation of his supporters, but in Međimurje he was captured by Arnold de Genere Hahót and handed over to the Austrian Duke Albert I, who imprisoned him. In the meantime, King Ladislaus IV was killed by the Kumans, and as Hungary was left without a ruler from the Arpadović family, Andrew III was called upon to take power.
The reign of Andrew III of Venice
Andrew III was the only remaining male offspring of the Arpadović dynasty. He was crowned on July 28, 1290 in Stolni Beograd, but three powerful opponents united against him and challenged his right to power. German King Rudolf I claimed that King Bela IV bequeathed Croatia and Hungary to Emperor Frederick II, who later handed over the lands to his son Duke Albert I. However, this treaty became automatically invalid, as Frederick II was supposed to help White IV. in case Hungary finds itself in danger, and he did not do so during the Mongol conquests. Pope Nicholas IV opposed the emperor's aspirations, emphasizing that Hungary was under the administration of the Holy See. Queen Mary of Naples of Hungary, sister of King Ladislaus IV of Cumanac, pointed out d