Anti-Comintern Pact

Article

December 3, 2021

The Anti-Comintern Pact was a German-Japanese treaty of November 25, 1936, whose signatory countries pledged political support in the event of war against the USSR. With this agreement, Germany and Japan undertook to consult in the event that the Soviet Union attacked any of them in order to "protect common interests". They also pledged that none of them would sign any agreements with the Soviet Union, and Germany further agreed to recognize Manchukuo's independence. In addition to fighting communism, it brought Germany other benefits; it provided an opportunity to present Germany's aggressive plans before the Western powers even more convincingly as exclusively anti-communist and anti-Soviet. It was calculated that with the help of Japan, Great Britain and France, they would put more pressure on and threaten the Far East, in order to weaken their resilience in Europe. There were also certain interests in Japan, which had expansionist pretensions in the Far East and the Pacific, where its main opponents were the United States, Great Britain and France, not the USSR. Their intention was to spread across the Far East, when the French and British would be busy fighting in Europe (the old continent). German aid would be of capital importance if Japan got involved in the conflict with the USSR. The Anti-Comintern Pact was later joined by Italy, Hungary, Manchukuo, Spain, Finland, Romania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Slovakia, the Chinese National Government of Nanjing, El Salvador and Turkey as observers. Attempts to improve Anglo-German relations Prior to the signing of the Anti-Comintern Pact, in June 1935, the Anglo-German Maritime Treaty was signed between the United Kingdom and Nazi Germany. This event marked the beginning of a series of Hitler's attempts to improve relations between the two countries and thus isolate the Soviet Union, while the Soviet Union and the United Kingdom at the same time tried to do the same with Germany. Hitler also tried to influence Poland to join the Anti-Comintern Alliance, promising a solution to the territorial issues between the two countries. However, Poland refused, fearing that it would become a puppet state of Germany. At that time, many Japanese po

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