Allies in World War II

Article

October 28, 2021

The Allies (Anti-Hitler Coalition) were countries united in the fight against the Axis Powers during World War II. Pre - war alliances The alliance of states that will oppose the Axis powers had its source in the two surviving members of the Entente from the First World War - the United Kingdom and France. The third member of the original Entente - Russia - after the October Revolution transformed into a diplomatically isolated and initially extremely hostile Soviet Union towards the Entente. The United States, which joined the Entente in 1917 and was one of the four great powers at the Versailles Peace Conference, very quickly decided to abandon all military and political alliances due to isolationism. Italy - also recognized as one of the victorious powers, gradually began to distance itself from its allies, especially after the fascist regime led by Benito Mussolini came to its head in 1922. The disintegration of the war was significantly contributed to by the belief that Germany was so thoroughly defeated that in the near future it would not pose a threat to world peace and the security of the victors, as well as the belief that the newly formed League of Nations would successfully prevent new crises and wars. military and political alliances unnecessary. On the other hand, in the 1920s there was a growing disagreement between the United Kingdom and France, as the British, in accordance with the traditional policy of great isolation, adhered to the principle of balance of power that France as a continental power should not dominate Europe. France, on the other hand, due to the existence of a border with Germany, sought to secure itself with an increased influence on Germany's eastern neighbors and the creation of military arrangements and alliances, the most famous of which was the Lesser Entente. The UK and France continued their disagreements after Adolf Hitler came to power in Germany, with British governments seeking to approve the new Nazi regime with a policy of concessions, while France was somewhat more active and sought to win over the Soviet Union in the early 1930s. . The alliance between the UK and France began to strengthen again only with the Second Italian-Abyssinian War, when both countries

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