Ancient Rome

Article

October 23, 2021

Ancient Rome (often referred to as ancient or ancient Rome) was a civilization that arose from a city-state founded on the Apennine Peninsula according to the tradition transmitted to us by Titus Livius in 753 BC. n. e. to the vast empire that surrounded the Mediterranean Sea. During its existence, Roman civilization crossed the path from a monarchy, a republic with a combination of oligarchy and democracy, to an autocratic empire. Roman civilization dominated Western Europe and the areas around the Mediterranean Sea through conquest and assimilation. The western part of the empire, including Spain, Gaul and Italy, disintegrated in the 5th century after the migration of peoples to independent kingdoms. The Eastern Roman Empire, centered on Constantinople, is commonly referred to as the Byzantine Empire after 476, the traditional date of the fall of Rome and the later beginning of the early Middle Ages, also known as the Dark Ages. Roman civilization is often classified as "classical antiquity", with ancient Greece, a civilization that inspired much of the culture of ancient Rome. Ancient Rome significantly contributed to the development of law, war skills, art, literature, architecture, technology and language in the Western world, and its history still has an impact on today's world.

Roman Kingdom

Legends and Kings

Based on ancient Roman sources, the founding of Rome is linked to 753 BC. n. e. As early as the 10th century BC. n. e. there were the first settlements on the banks of the Capitol. Later, they spread to the hills near the river Tiber and with their merger, a city was created whose religious and political center was the Capitol. The city was founded in the middle of the 8th century BC. n. e. coincides with the colonization of Italy. According to legend, the creation of Rome followed the history of Troy. Descendants of Aeneas, son of Anchises and goddess Venus, twin brothers - Romulus and Remus, were thrown into the Tiber immediately by birth on the orders of Amulius, king of the city of Alba Longa. As the twins were born by the vestal Rea Silvia, with the god of war Mars, the gods arranged for the box with the twins of the rivers to be thrown ashore where they were first adopted by a wolf. The brothers later killed King Alba Longa and founded their own city on the site where the water had once thrown them out. After Remus mocked the furrows with which his brother marked the future walls of the city, Romulus killed him. As a result, the city was named after Fr.

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