October 23, 2021
Ancient Rome (often referred to as ancient or ancient Rome) was a civilization that arose from a city-state founded on the Apennine Peninsula according to the tradition transmitted to us by Titus Livius in 753 BC. n. e. to the vast empire that surrounded the Mediterranean Sea. During its existence, Roman civilization crossed the path from a monarchy, a republic with a combination of oligarchy and democracy, to an autocratic empire. Roman civilization dominated Western Europe and the areas around the Mediterranean Sea through conquest and assimilation. The western part of the empire, including Spain, Gaul and Italy, disintegrated in the 5th century after the migration of peoples to independent kingdoms. The Eastern Roman Empire, centered on Constantinople, is commonly referred to as the Byzantine Empire after 476, the traditional date of the fall of Rome and the later beginning of the early Middle Ages, also known as the Dark Ages. Roman civilization is often classified as "classical antiquity", with ancient Greece, a civilization that inspired much of the culture of ancient Rome. Ancient Rome significantly contributed to the development of law, war skills, art, literature, architecture, technology and language in the Western world, and its history still has an impact on today's world.