Arab Spring


January 27, 2022

The Arab Spring is the name for a wave of demonstrations, protests and uprisings in predominantly Arab countries, which began on December 17, 2010. Prior to this period, only Sudan was an Arab state that experienced the successful overthrow of the dictatorial regime in 1964 and 1985. The first protests in December 2010 began in Tunisia and Egypt in early 2011, followed by Libya, Bahrain, Syria and Yemen, Algeria, Iraq, Jordan, Morocco and Oman, as well as on the Israeli border and smaller protests in Kuwait, Lebanon, Mauritania, Saudi Arabia, Sudan and Western Sahara. The protests took the form of civil protests with demonstrations, marches and the use of social networks such as Facebook, Twitter and YouTube. Authorities often responded to demonstrations with violence, as well as pro-government protests and counter-demonstrations.


A series of protests and demonstrations in the Middle East and North Africa are known as the "Arab Spring", and sometimes as the "Arab Spring and Winter", "Arab Awakening" or "Arab Uprisings", although not all participants are Arabs. It began with the first protests in Tunisia on December 17, 2010, with the self-immolation of Muhammad Buzizi in protest of police corruption. , with protesters being the most organized during the "day of rage". The protests spilled over into smaller non-Arab worlds in the region. Until July 2011, demonstrations resulted in the overthrow of Tunisia and Egypt. During the initial protests, several leaders announced that they would step down and organize elections. The Sudanese president announced elections in 2015, and Iraqi Prime Minister Al-Maliki for the end of 2014, although there was increased violence from protesters who demanded immediate resignations. The protests in Jordan led to the fall of the government, resulting in the withdrawal of the former prime minister and ambassador to Israel, when King Abdullah appointed him the new prime minister with the task of forming a new government. in exchange for immunity, which the protesters informally accepted on April 26, however, Saleh did not keep his promise,

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