Argentina

Article

May 19, 2022

Argentina, officially the Republic of Argentina, is a country in South America. To the north it borders Bolivia and Paraguay; to the northeast with Brazil; to the east with Uruguay and to the west with Chile. To the east it exits to the southern part of the Atlantic Ocean. It covers an area of ​​2,780,400 km2, which ranks it eighth in the world, second in Latin America, and first among Spanish-speaking countries. Argentina claims the right to part of Antarctica, Falkland, ie. The Malvinas Islands and South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands. Argentina is considered a regional power and one of the most prominent Latin American countries. It is a member of the G-15 and G-20 groups of the largest economies. He is the founder of the United Nations, the World Bank, the World Trade Organization, Mercosur, Unasura, the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States and the Organization of Ibero-American States. Thanks to the stable political situation, the size of the market and the growth of the high-tech sector, it ranks among the middle-developed countries with a very high index of human development. People have been present in Argentina since the Paleolithic. Spanish colonization began in 1512. Argentina is the successor to the Viceroyalty of Rio de la Plata, a Spanish overseas colony founded in 1776. The War of Independence (1810-1818) was followed by a civil war that lasted until 1861, and ended with the new organization of the country as a federation of provinces with the capital Buenos Aires. This was followed by a large influx of immigrants and great economic development: at the beginning of the 20th century Argentina was the seventh richest country in the world. However, after 1930, in addition to being among the fifteen richest countries by the middle of the 20th century and periodic economic crises that have made the country underdeveloped.

Etymology

The word "Argentina" comes from the Latin language, more precisely from the Latin word argentum which means silver. When the first Spanish conquistadors discovered the La Plata River, they named the arm they encountered the Sweet Sea (Mar Dulce). After the shipwreck of the Spanish conquistadors, led by Juan Diaz de Solis, the natives gave the survivors gifts made of silver. The Legend of the Sierra del Plata, �