August 11, 2022
Athens (Greek: Αθήνα [Athína]) is the capital of Greece and the prefecture of Attica and one of the most famous cities in Europe, as well as the largest city in Greece. Modern Athens is a large and cosmopolitan city, while ancient Athens was a powerful city-state and a famous educational and philosophical center. Athens is considered one of the world's oldest cities, whose history dates back over 3,400 years. The city was named after the patron goddess Athena. The Greek name was Αθήναι [Athínai], but since the 1970s, the official Greek name is Αθήνα [Athína]. Athens is often referred to as the cradle of Western civilization due to its cultural contributions during the 5th and 4th centuries BC. Many ancient buildings, works of art, etc. remain in Athens from that period. The most famous is the Acropolis, which is recognized as one of the best examples of classical Greek art and architecture. It is considered the originator of democracy. Athens is the center of economic, financial, industrial, political and cultural life in Greece. Ancient Greece was the center of art, learning and philosophy, the homeland of Plato's Academy and Aristotle's Lyceum. Athens is also the birthplace of Socrates, Pericles, Sophocles and other important philosophers, writers and politicians dating back to Ancient Greece.