Austria (Österreich), officially the Republic of Austria (Österreich), is a country in Central Europe. It borders Germany and the Czech Republic in the north, Slovakia and Hungary in the east, Slovenia and Italy in the south, Switzerland and Liechtenstein in the west and has no access to the sea. The capital is Vienna.
According to the political system, Austria is a parliamentary democracy. It consists of nine federal states, and is one of the two European states that have declared permanent neutrality (the other is Switzerland). Austria has been a member of the United Nations since 1955 and joined the European Union in 1995.
Origin of the name
Her name is dumb. Österreich can be translated into Serbian as "Eastern Empire", which comes from the Old German Ostarrîchi. The term probably comes from a dialectal translation of the medieval Latin name for the region Marchia orientalis, meaning "eastern border", because it was located at the eastern end of the Holy Roman Empire, which is also reflected in the name Ostmark used after Austria's annexation to the Third Reich.
Conquered by the Romans, Huns, Lombards, Ostrogoths, Bavarians and French, Austria was ruled by Babenberg from the 10th to the 13th century, when they were succeeded by the Habsburgs. The Habsburg House then ruled Austria until the 20th century. After the abolition of the Holy Roman Empire, Austria became part of the dual monarchy, Austro-Hungary, in 1867. Austria-Hungary disintegrated when it lost the First World War, so Austria was formed within today's borders. Austria was annexed by Germany in 1938. After World War II, the Allies held Austria until 1955, when it regained full independence on condition that it remained completely and permanently neutral, and forbade it to unite with Germany. After the collapse of communism in Eastern Europe, Austria became more and more politically involved, so in 1995 it became a member of the European Union, and in 2002 it introduced the euro.
Old Stone Age
The area of Austria was inhabited in the Old Stone Age, as evidenced by one of the most valuable findings of archeology in Austria, the so-called. Vilendorf Venus. It was formed around 25,000 BC. n. e. in the area of present-day Willendorf near the town of Wachau in Lower Austria. It was found in 1908, and today is in the Natural History Museum in Vienna