Austrians (German: Österreicher) in the broadest sense represent the inhabitants, ie citizens of today's Austria, and in that sense they are defined by Austrian laws.
However, in a narrower, ethnological sense, Austrians today are most often defined as a Germanic ethnic group that originates from the Bavarian and Alemannic tribes. On the other hand, the separate ethnicity of the Austrians, that is, their concept as a modern nation, is a relatively new phenomenon, primarily related to certain historical events in the 19th and 20th centuries.
History of the Nation
Until the disintegration of Austria-Hungary, the term "Austrian" had exclusively regional connotations, while in the ethnic sense, the inhabitants of Austria were considered part of the wider German national corps. Thus, in 1918, the newly created Austrian state called itself "German Austria" and introduced unification with Germany as its goal. This goal was achieved in 1938 by Hitler's Nazis, but after the Second World War the Austrian state was restored, and the people of Austria embraced the concept of a separate nation in order to distance themselves as much as possible from all negative connotations related to the Greater Germany project.
Apart from political circumstances, the profiling of the Austrians as a separate nation was helped by the fact that neutral Austria built a far higher standard of living after the Second World War than divided Germany, and that the attitude towards the Austrians as a separate nation enjoyed agreement among the Germans themselves.
Austrians in the world
United States: 1,344,000
United Kingdom: 24,000
New Zealand: 1,300
Croatia: 300 UN data
Alfred Adler, psychologist
Ludwig Boltzmann, physicist
Christian Doppler, physicist
Sigmund Freud, psychologist
Joseph Haydn, composer
Adolf Hitler, politician, dictator
Gustav Klimt, painter
Gustav Mahler, composer and conductor
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, composer
Rainer Maria Rilke, writer
Franz Schubert, composer
Arnold Schwarzenegger, actor, athlete, politician
Johann Strauss, composers (father and son)
List of peoples of the world