Bavaria (German and Bavarian - Bavaria, Latin Bavaria - Bavaria), officially the Free State of Bavaria (German and Bavarian Freistaat Bayern), is located in the southern part of Germany and is the largest German state. It borders: Baden-Württemberg, Hesse, Thuringia and Saxony.
It borders the Czech Republic to the east and Austria to the south. The capital of Bavaria is Munich.
Traditionally, Bavaria is divided into three parts: Franconia (Upper, Middle and Lower), Swabia and Old Bavaria (Upper Palatinate, Upper and Lower Bavaria). The largest cities are, besides Munich, Nuremberg, Augsburg, Würzburg and Regensburg.
The CSU has been in power since 1962.
Bavaria consists of the following geographical areas:
the Bavarian Alps region in the south
the hilly rim of the Alps to the Danube and the three great lakes of Upper Bavaria (Starnberg, Amersk and Kim lakes).
eastern Bavarian mountains
the area of the Swabian and Frankish Jurassic The highest peak of Bavaria and Germany is Zugspice (2962 meters).
The most important river is the Danube, which flows into Austria near Passau. Its main tributaries are:
Iler, Leh, Izar and In (right, spring in the Alps and are richer in water)
Wernic, Altmil, Nab and Regen (left). The river In carries more water at its confluence with the Danube than the Danube.
Franconia belongs to the basin of the river Main. Some tributaries of the river Elbe spring in the northeast of Upper Franconia.
The climate from the northwest passes (relatively evenly) to the east to the continental. About 100 days a year the temperature is below 0 ° C, westerly winds bring an average of 70cm of rain, in the northern Alps locally up to 180cm a year. The average duration of sunny hours is about 1600-1900 hours per year.
At the time of Julius Caesar, today's Bavaria was a Celtic country, and at the time of Augustus, the Romans founded the provinces of Noricum and Recia south of the Danube. At the beginning of the 6th century, the Germanic tribe Bajuvari was formed here. Saint Boniface converted them to Christianity in the early 8th century. The people of Bavaria have since been strongly committed to Christianity, that is, the Roman Catholic Church. Only in Franconia is the influence of Lutheranism significant.
The Wittelsbach family ruled Bavaria from 1180 to 1918. Bavaria became a kingdom in 1806 when it briefly ruled Tyrol and Salzburg. Years