Bali is an Indonesian island located between the islands of Java in the west and Lombok in the east. It is one of the 33 provinces of Indonesia with the provincial center Denpasar (491,500 inhabitants in 2002) located in the south of the island. On the island, the majority of the population is made up of Indonesian Hindus, who otherwise represent a minority in the country. Today, Bali is a popular tourist destination, the local population lives and works from tourism, in addition to agriculture, there are a large number of hotels and resorts in Bali, because the island is visited by millions of tourists every year. The island is rich in fish, rice, coconut palms, bananas, pineapples, cocoa, coffee, cotton and tobacco, so these are the goods it exports the most.
The first European in Bali was the Dutchman Cornelis de Houtman (Hol. Cornelis de Houtman), who came to Bali in 1597. The local princes resisted the Dutch colonizers, who subdued them after fierce battles only in 1849. During World War II, the Japanese occupied Bali. After the Netherlands recognized Indonesian independence in 1949, Bali ceased to be part of the Netherlands in 1950 and became one of the provinces of Indonesia. Tourism in Bali began to develop in the late 1960s, when Europeans and other foreigners noticed the natural beauty and clean beaches with white sand and light blue sea. It was then that the first hotels and resorts on the island began to be built. Bali is characterized by a warm equatorial climate and the temperature throughout the year is never below 23 degrees and above 37 degrees, which is why the tourist season lasts throughout the year.
Administrative division of Indonesia