Banat, Backa and Baranja

Article

November 30, 2021

Banat, Bačka and Baranja was the name for the province, which existed as part of the Kingdom of Serbia and the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes from November 1918 to 1922. The province had its own authorities (government and assembly), and included the geographical regions of Banat, Bačka and Baranja. The administrative seat of the province was Novi Sad.

Name

The official name of the province, which was used by the provincial government (people's administration), was "Banat, Backa and Baranja", but the name "Vojvodina" was also used unofficially.

History

After the collapse of the Austro-Hungarian monarchy in October 1918, the regions of Banat, Bačka and Baranja were occupied by the army of the Kingdom of Serbia. The de facto administration over these areas was taken over by the local Vojvodina Serbs, and the Serbian People's Committee from Novi Sad was at the head of this administration. On November 25, 1918, the Great National Assembly of Serbs, Bunjevci and other Slavs was convened in Banat, Bačka and Baranja, which declared the annexation of these regions to the Kingdom of Serbia (there were a total of 757 delegates at the assembly, of which 578 Serbs, 84 Bunjevci, 62 Slovaks, 21 Ruthenians, 6, Germans, 3 Shocks, 2 Croats and 1 Hungarian), and on December 1, 1918, the Kingdom of Serbia united with the State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs, to form the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes. On November 25, the Grand National Assembly not only declared the annexation of Banat, Backa and Baranja to the Kingdom of Serbia, but also made a decision on the formation of a provincial administration (government and assembly) in these regions. The provincial government was officially named "People's Administration for Banat, Backa and Baranja", and Dr. was elected its president. Jovan Lalošević, while the provincial assembly was officially called the "Great People's Council", whose president was elected Dr. Slavko Miletic. Although the government in Belgrade accepted the decision to annex Banat, Backa and Baranja to the Kingdom of Serbia, it did not officially recognize the People's Administration, which managed these areas until March 11, 1919, when it held its last session. The power of the People's Administration spread not only in those parts of Banat, Backa and Baranja that were recognized at the peace conference as part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, but in all parts of these regions, which were controlled by the army of the Kingdom of Serbia.

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