Bayezid I


August 11, 2022

Bayazit I Munjeviti (Turkish: بايزيد اول, Beyazıt Yıldırım; c. 1360 - March 8, 1403) was the fourth Sultan (ruler) of the Ottoman Empire. His reign lasted from 1389 to 1402. His father was Murat I, and his mother was Sultania Gulčiček. Bayezid raised one of the largest armies of the then known world and unsuccessfully besieged Constantinople. He successfully defeated the Crusaders at the Battle of Nicopolis in 1396, but was defeated and captured by Timur at the Battle of Ankara in 1402 and died in captivity in March 1403. Although he liked to spend his free time in the harem, money, alcohol and having fun with women - Sultan Bayazit I is considered one of the most successful Turkish sultans. He participated in 4 major and very important battles in Ottoman history, in Kosovo, in Rovinj, near Nikopol and near Angora.

Childhood and youth

Bayazit was the eldest son of Murat I and his wife Gulčiček Hatun. Even as a boy, he was warlike, always ready to go to war. Bayazid grew up with a lot of military experience, and it is believed that he did not have the best relations with his brothers who were younger than him. When he turned 21, his father appointed him the viceroy of Amasia, and thus he became one of the heirs to the throne. Around 1384, Bayezid married Devlet Hatun, who was the mother of Bayezid's heir to the throne, Mehmed I.

The beginning of the reign

Despite the death of Murat I in Kosovo, there were no difficulties in the change of government. Dying, Murat appointed his eldest son Bayazit, who took part in the battle, as his successor. Appointed by his father, the new emir had the opportunity to take power immediately. Nevertheless, he decided to get rid of his brother Jakub Celebija, and ordered to kill him. Bayazit was a very strong personality, as revealed by his nickname "Lightning" (Turkish: Yildirim). At the age of thirty-five, he had already proven himself: he was sent around 1381 as governor to the former province of Germian, he took care of the empire's western interests and distinguished himself in battle. It is known that he was always active and enterprising. Raised with the knowledge that he was the son of a powerful prince, not knowing failure, he was aware of his greatness. In his own eyes, he was much more than just the leader of the ghazis. Towards the Christian vassals, he behaved more like a ruler than like a b