January 21, 2022

Belgium (Dutch: België; French: Belgique; German: Belgien), officially the Kingdom of Belgium (Dutch: Koninkrijk België; French: Royaume de Belgique; German: Königreich Belgien), is a country in Western Europe. It covers an area of ​​30,528 km2 and has a population of just over eleven million. It borders the Netherlands to the north, Germany to the east, Luxembourg to the southeast and France to the south. To the west it has access to the North Sea. Belgium is one of the founders of the United Nations, the European Union and NATO. It is the seat of a number of international organizations, including the European Union and NATO. Located at the crossroads of German and Romanian Europe, Belgium is home to Dutch speakers, mostly Flemings, who make up about 59% of the population, and French speakers, mostly Walloons, who make up 41% of the population. In addition to them, there are a small number of German speakers in the border area with Germany. Belgium is a federal constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary system. It is divided into two regions according to the linguistic principle: Flanders in the north, which is dominated by Flemish, ie. Dutch, and Wallonia in the south, where French predominates. The area of ​​the capital of Brussels is officially bilingual, although the majority of the population there speaks French. Linguistic diversity and the resulting political conflicts have affected political history and the complex system of governing the country. The area of ​​Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg is known as the Low Countries; the Benelux area used to cover a slightly larger area than it does today. In Latin, this area is known as Belgium (lat. Belgica), after the Roman province of Gallia Belgica (lat. Gallia Belgica), which included more or less the same area. From the end of the Middle Ages to the 17th century, the area of ​​Belgium was an advanced cosmopolitan trade and cultural center. From the 16th century until the Belgian Revolution of 1830, when Belgium seceded from the Netherlands, the area was the scene of numerous battles between European powers, resulting in it being called the battlefield of Europe, "which was confirmed in both world wars. After gaining independence, Belgium joined the Industrial Revolution and during the 20th century owned numerous colonies in Africa. The second half of the 20th century was marked by tensions between the speakers of the hall

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