God of Justice
November 30, 2021
"God of Justice" is the official anthem of the Republic of Serbia, defined by Article 7 of the Constitution. "God of Justice" was also the anthem of the Principality of Serbia and the Kingdom of Serbia until 1918, when the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes was created. The proposed version of the text as an anthem was determined by law on May 11, 2009. The original song was written in 1872, when Jovan Djordjevic, inspired by the satirical Dragon's National Anthem, wrote the words to the music of Davorin Jenko. The composition of Joseph Haydn's Imperial Anthem had a great influence on the melody. The song was the end of the theater play "Mark's Saber", designed on the occasion of Milan Obrenović's coming of age. The huge popularity of words and melodies contributed to this song becoming the official Serbian national anthem. In the 1990s, the anthems were constantly changing with the change of state system and rulers. During the rule of Milan Obrenović, Prince Milan God of Salvation was sung, so that this would be changed by establishing Milan as king. Subsequently, the same verse had to be sung during the reigns of King Peter I and King Alexander I. After the May coup, the anthem was reintroduced in 1909, on King Peter's birthday on June 29 (July 12). During the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (later the Kingdom of Yugoslavia), "God of Justice" was part of the then national anthem. It was also the anthem of the Republika Srpska, from 1992 to 2007, when the Constitutional Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina decided that its use was unconstitutional. It was also used as the anthem of the Republic of Serbian Krajina. The original words have undergone certain changes in determining the official text of the Serbian anthem. In three places, the Serbian king was replaced from the Serbian land, and the verse of the Serbian king God feeds was replaced with God save, God defend. In the 1990s, "Uprisings of Serbia" and "On the Drina" were also proposed for the national anthem. "On the Drina" won a majority in a referendum held in 1992, but this decision was never officially adopted.