October 18, 2021
Bolivia (Spanish: Bolivia, Turkish: Bulibya, Aim. Wuliwya), officially the Multinational State of Bolivia (Spanish: Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia). the country is in the central part of South America. It borders Brazil to the north and east, Paraguay and Argentina to the south, Chile to the southwest, and Peru to the west. Before the arrival of Europeans, the area of today's Bolivia was part of the Inca Empire - the largest state in pre-Columbian America. The conquistadors took control of this area in the 16th century. During most of Spain's colonial rule, the area was known as Upper Peru and was administered by the Viceroyalty of Peru, to which most of the Spanish colonies in South America belonged, although the area had significant autonomy under the Royal Charcas Audience. The struggle for independence lasted from 1809 to 1825, after which a republic named after Simon Bolivar was established. Bolivia is a democratic republic divided into nine departments. Its relief is characterized by the high peaks of the Andes in the west and the Eastern lowlands within the Amazon basin. Bolivia is a developing country, with a medium level of human development index, and a poverty rate of 53%. The most important economic activities are agriculture, forestry, fishing, mining and the production of goods such as textiles, suits, processed metals, and petroleum products. Bolivia is very rich in minerals, especially tin. Bolivia is estimated to have a population of about 10 million, of Indian, Asian, African and European descent. The dominant language in Bolivia is Spanish, although Guarani, Aymara and Quechua are very present, and these four as well as thirty-four other indigenous languages are in official use. The large number of different cultures in Bolivia has greatly contributed to the diversity in the fields of art, literature, music, as well as culinary.