Bosnia and Herzegovina

Article

November 28, 2021

Bosnia and Herzegovina (abbreviated BiH), is a country in Southeast Europe, on the Balkan Peninsula. It is predominantly mountainous land. It covers an area of ​​51,209.2 km². It borders Croatia to the north, west and south, Montenegro to the southeast, and Serbia to the east; near Neum - with a coastline of 21.2 km - it opens onto the Adriatic Sea. The capital of the country is Sarajevo. Bosnia and Herzegovina consists of two entities: the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Republika Srpska, while the Brcko District has a special status. The three most numerous peoples are Bosniaks, Serbs and Croats; they are constitutive throughout the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina. In addition to the constituent peoples, Bosnia and Herzegovina is a country of numerous national minorities such as Roma, Jews, Montenegrins, Slovenes, Ukrainians and other communities. According to the results of the 2013 census, Bosnia and Herzegovina has 3,531,159 inhabitants. SR Bosnia and Herzegovina was one of the six republics of SFR Yugoslavia. After the break-up of Yugoslavia, war broke out; ended on December 14, 1995, with the signing of the Dayton Peace Agreement.

Name

According to a broader consensus, the first surviving mention of Bosnia is in De administrando imperio, written in the middle of the 10th century, which describes Bosnia as a small country inhabited by Serbs. At that time, Bosnia was a separate country within the Serbian state, whose other parts surrounded it on all sides. used in the name of the state unmodified and bound by a conjunction and. It began to be used after Austria-Hungary, based on the decisions of the Berlin Congress (1878), surveyed the Ottoman Bosnian pashaluq (except for the Novi Pazar Sandzak) and created a single administrative area from it - the condominium Bosnia and Herzegovina. From the end of the First World War to the end of the Second World War, the state did not exist as a complete unit. The multi-member name began to be used again after the proclamation of the Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia (1946) in which the People's Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina was one of the federal units. With the adoption of the new Yugoslav constitution (1963), it was renamed the Socialist Republic of Bosnia and (

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