Bosnia and Herzegovina
November 28, 2021
Bosnia and Herzegovina (abbreviated BiH), is a country in Southeast Europe, on the Balkan Peninsula. It is predominantly mountainous land. It covers an area of 51,209.2 km². It borders Croatia to the north, west and south, Montenegro to the southeast, and Serbia to the east; near Neum - with a coastline of 21.2 km - it opens onto the Adriatic Sea. The capital of the country is Sarajevo. Bosnia and Herzegovina consists of two entities: the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Republika Srpska, while the Brcko District has a special status. The three most numerous peoples are Bosniaks, Serbs and Croats; they are constitutive throughout the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina. In addition to the constituent peoples, Bosnia and Herzegovina is a country of numerous national minorities such as Roma, Jews, Montenegrins, Slovenes, Ukrainians and other communities. According to the results of the 2013 census, Bosnia and Herzegovina has 3,531,159 inhabitants. SR Bosnia and Herzegovina was one of the six republics of SFR Yugoslavia. After the break-up of Yugoslavia, war broke out; ended on December 14, 1995, with the signing of the Dayton Peace Agreement.