January 21, 2022

Brazil (Portuguese: Brasil), officially the Federal Republic of Brazil (Portuguese: República Federativa do Brasil), is a country in South America. It is the largest and most populous country in Latin and South America, with more than 200 million inhabitants, while it ranks fifth in the world in terms of both the size of the territory and the number of inhabitants. Brazil is also the largest Portuguese-speaking country in the world. The capital is Brazil and the official language is Portuguese. To the north it borders Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana; to the northwest it borders Colombia; to the west with Bolivia and Peru; to the southwest with Argentina and Paraguay and to the south with Uruguay. Brazil borders all South American countries except Ecuador and Chile. Numerous archipelagos are part of the Brazilian territory, such as Fernando de Noronha, Rocas Atoll, Sao Pedro and Sao Paulo, and Trindade and Martim Vaz. this territory part of Portugal. Until 1808, Brazil was a Portuguese colony, and after the invasion of Napoleon's forces on Portugal, the capital of the Portuguese Empire was moved from Lisbon to Rio de Janeiro. In 1815, Brazil was proclaimed a kingdom within the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarve. It gained independence in 1822 with the creation of the Brazilian Empire, a unitary state with a parliamentary monarchy. After the military coup in 1889, Brazil became a republic with a president at the head of the state. From 1964 to 1985, a military junta was in power. The current constitution of Brazil, adopted in 1988, defines this state as a federal republic. The federation consists of the Federal District, 26 federal states, and 5,564 municipalities. In 2012, Brazil's economy ranked seventh in the world, both in terms of nominal GDP and in terms of GDP measured by purchasing power parity. Brazil is a member of the BRICS organization. With one of the fastest growing economies in the world, it is gaining increasing international recognition and influence. Brazil has a space program controlled by the Brazilian Space Agency. Aviation in Brazil, besides Mexico, is the most developed in Latin America. According to military weapons and the army, Brazil is the most powerful country in South America, so

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