January 27, 2022

Buryatia, or officially the Republic of Buryatia (Russian: Республика Бурятия, Buryat Buryad Republic) is a constituent entity of the Russian Federation with the status of an autonomous republic in southeastern Siberia. The capital of the republic is the city of Ulan-Ude.


The name of the Republic derives from the name of the titular people of Buryat, which is, after the Russians (about 65%), the second most numerous people (with about 30%) in this federal unit. The name of the Buryats is first mentioned in the "Secret History of the Mongols" (around 1240), where the Buryats are said to be a forest people. Due to the description of this lifestyle, which was compared to the life of a wolf, there is a hypothesis that the origin of the name Buryat comes from the Khakassian words buri - wolf and father - father, which would describe this people as "fathers of wolves". Other hypotheses at the root of the word bura, find meanings: brothers, shrubs, shy, gray, etc.


The republic is located in the southern part of Siberia along the eastern shore of Lake Baikal. It has an area of ​​351,300 km². It has 981,238 inhabitants. Russians make up 67.8% of the population and Buryats 27.8%. In search of treasure, fur and gold, the Russians colonized Buryatia in the 17th century. Lake Baikal is a popular tourist destination. Over 80% of the territory of Buryatia is a mountainous area. Buryat's natural resources include gold, zinc, tungsten and uranium. The average annual temperature is -1.6 ° C, and the average January temperature is -22 ° C


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Administrative division of Russia


External links

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