Buryatia, or officially the Republic of Buryatia (Russian: Республика Бурятия, Buryat Buryad Republic) is a constituent entity of the Russian Federation with the status of an autonomous republic in southeastern Siberia.
The capital of the republic is the city of Ulan-Ude.
The name of the Republic derives from the name of the titular people of Buryat, which is, after the Russians (about 65%), the second most numerous people (with about 30%) in this federal unit. The name of the Buryats is first mentioned in the "Secret History of the Mongols" (around 1240), where the Buryats are said to be a forest people.
Due to the description of this lifestyle, which was compared to the life of a wolf, there is a hypothesis that the origin of the name Buryat comes from the Khakassian words buri - wolf and father - father, which would describe this people as "fathers of wolves". Other hypotheses at the root of the word bura, find meanings: brothers, shrubs, shy, gray, etc.
The republic is located in the southern part of Siberia along the eastern shore of Lake Baikal. It has an area of 351,300 km². It has 981,238 inhabitants. Russians make up 67.8% of the population and Buryats 27.8%. In search of treasure, fur and gold, the Russians colonized Buryatia in the 17th century. Lake Baikal is a popular tourist destination. Over 80% of the territory of Buryatia is a mountainous area. Buryat's natural resources include gold, zinc, tungsten and uranium. The average annual temperature is -1.6 ° C, and the average January temperature is -22 ° C
Administrative division of Russia